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General Unsecured Creditor

Optimizing Corporate Workouts With Independent Directors and Special Committees

The appointment of independent directors may benefit a financially distressed business throughout its restructuring process, including during a bankruptcy case. An independent director can be conceived of as having no direct or indirect connection to the business, including not being an employee, owner, or other insider of the business and not deriving any income from […]


Dealing With Distress For Fun & Profit – Installment #2 – Bankruptcy Parties

A written tour of business bankruptcy and its alternatives A typical commercial litigation case involves a judge, a plaintiff, and a defendant. A typical commercial bankruptcy case also has a judge, but that’s about where the similarities stop. A typical commercial litigation case, you see, is a two-party dispute. A typical commercial bankruptcy case is anything […]


“Don’t Pass Me By”—The Jevic Case and Bypassing the Absolute Priority Rule

It’s an all-too-familiar situation: a debtor files for chapter 11 bankruptcy and an asset sale takes place, but there is not enough money at the end of the day to fund a plan confirmation process, or adequately pay off all creditors who come first in line according to the bankruptcy code. That “line” is defined […]


What Else Can a Creditors Committee Do? Maybe Reap $1.5 Billion for Unsecured Creditors (Lender Beware)

JPMorgan Chase & Co. and others (“JPM”) lent $1.5 billion to General Motors Corporation (“Old GM”) under a term loan agreement (the “Term Loan Agreement”).  JPM was the senior secured creditor of Old GM.  Old Gm went into chapter 11 bankruptcy.  Under the terms of the DIP financing approved by the bankruptcy court, proceeds of […]


How Unsecured Creditors Push Ahead of Lenders Who in Fact Invested, Part III – Equitable Subordination vs. Recharacterization

In part one of our series on recharacterization, we discussed the elements of judicial recharacterization of loans as equity interests.[i]  In part two of the series, we considered how debtors can “claw back” putative “loans” that they may have repaid years earlier because the “loans” were in fact equity investments and their repayment was invalid.[ii]  […]


How Unsecured Creditors Push Ahead of Lenders Who in Fact Invested, Part II – Clawback of “Loan Repayments”

In our last article[i], we discussed the judicial recharacterization of loans as equity interests.  As we described, a court will recharacterize a lender’s debt claim as equity if it determines the “loan” actually was intended to be, and was treated by the parties as, an equity investment.  Recharacterization is a powerful tool for creditors and […]


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