An Article 9 sale allows a creditor to sell its collateral to a third party in a private or public sale without the need for judicial proceedings.
When a commercial real estate tenant files a chapter 11 bankruptcy case, the landlord faces unfamiliar issues. Although each case is unique, this article provides a basic overview of the issues commercial landlords could run into.
The Sixth Circuit would quote Ohio case law to explain that “A contract of novation is created where a previous valid obligation is extinguished by a new valid contract, with the consent of all the parties, and based on valid consideration.” In a sense, a novation establishes that the prior contract is fully performed by the novated contract.
When a borrower defaults on its loan agreements, a lender may, among other options, sue to foreclose on its collateral and collect from the borrower. The lender, however, may instead agree to amend the loan documents or enter into a loan forbearance agreement. If the borrower can convince the lender that, within a reasonably short […]
An Introduction to UCC Article 9 Question: What is it? Jack B. emailed, asking, “Please explain what an Article 9 sale is. My lawyer said that if I give a security interest to a lender, it can do an Article 9 sale. What is an Article 9 sale?” Answer: It’s a Creditor’s Remedy to Enforce […]
When are Ipso Facto Clauses and Golden Share Arrangements Enforceable in Bankruptcy? “Termination on bankruptcy” provisions—ipso facto clauses—are commonly used in many types of business contracts, providing for the termination of the contract (either automatic or at the non-debtor party’s election) upon the obligor’s filing of bankruptcy or the occurrence of similar events or conditions. […]
Trade Creditors Still Have Options In the Event of a Customer Bankruptcy When a customer files bankruptcy, vendors can be exposed to considerable losses if they have debts owed by the customer that arose before the commencement of the case (the “Petition Date”). Once the case is filed, the vendor becomes a creditor, or trade […]
When a Borrower Files for Bankruptcy, How Can Secured Lenders Protect Their Position? As a secured lender, you should know well in advance the necessary details if a borrower files bankruptcy. Let us presume therefore that, from consultations with your borrower, it is clear that the borrower is in distress: The borrower is likely unable […]
A Solvent Debtor Can File for Bankruptcy…but Can They Survive a Motion for Dismissal? Suppose that your borrower or customer files for chapter 11 bankruptcy. You do not like this, because you’ll almost certainly not collect the full amount owed to you. In fact, to get anything at all, you’ll have to get involved with […]
What is the Hierarchy of Claims Under the Absolute Priority Rule? If you are a vendor, service provider, or another unsecured creditor to a chapter 11 debtor, you cannot be blamed for feeling like a duped lover after learning about the bankruptcy of your once devoted business companion. Despite the promises of “I’ll stand by […]